Cost of living in Mongolia

Living in Mongolia offers several advantages. Firstly, the country’s breathtaking landscapes and unique cultural heritage allow residents to experience a truly immersive and authentic lifestyle. The vast steppes, rolling hills, and stunning mountains provide ample opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, horseback riding, and camping.

Moreover, Mongolia’s nomadic traditions and close ties to nature foster a strong sense of community and respect for the environment. The country is known for its hospitality, and residents often welcome visitors with open arms, providing a warm and friendly atmosphere.

Another advantage of living in Mongolia is the low cost of living. Compared to many developed countries, the cost of food, accommodation, and transportation is relatively affordable. This allows residents to enjoy a comfortable standard of living without straining their finances.

Additionally, Mongolia offers a unique cultural experience. Residents have the chance to learn about and partake in traditional practices such as Mongolian throat singing, horse racing, and wrestling. The Naadam Festival, held annually, showcases these cultural traditions and provides an opportunity for residents to celebrate and connect with their heritage.

Furthermore, Mongolia’s strategic location between Russia and China positions it as a potential hub for trade and business opportunities. The country is rich in natural resources, including coal, copper, and gold, which can attract investors and contribute to economic growth.

In conclusion, living in Mongolia offers the advantages of stunning landscapes, a strong sense of community, affordability, a unique cultural experience, and potential business opportunities. Whether it’s exploring the beautiful outdoors, embracing traditional practices, or benefiting from the country’s resources, Mongolia provides a rewarding and enriching lifestyle.

Average salaries in Mongolia

Here are some examples of average monthly earnings for popular positions in Mongolia:

1. Teacher: The average monthly salary for a teacher in Mongolia is around 1,000,000 MNT (approximately 280 EUR or 330 USD).

2. Salesperson: The average monthly earnings for a salesperson in Mongolia can range from 800,000 MNT to 1,500,000 MNT (approximately 225-420 EUR or 265-495 USD).

3. Driver: The average monthly salary for a driver in Mongolia is around 1,200,000 MNT (approximately 335 EUR or 395 USD).

Please note that these figures are approximate and can vary depending on factors such as experience, qualifications, and location within Mongolia. It’s also important to consider that the cost of living in Mongolia may differ from other countries, so these salaries should be viewed in relation to the local economy.

Overall, it’s important to keep in mind that Mongolia is a developing country, and the average wages may be lower compared to more developed nations.

Food prices in Mongolia

Meals in restaurants

Here are some examples of meal prices in restaurants in Mongolia:

1. Traditional Mongolian dish (such as buuz or khorkhog): 10,000-15,000 MNT (3-5 EUR / 4-6 USD)

2. Noodle soup (such as tsuivan or guriltai shul): 8,000-12,000 MNT (2-4 EUR / 3-5 USD)

3. Fried rice with vegetables and meat: 10,000-15,000 MNT (3-5 EUR / 4-6 USD)

4. Grilled meat skewers (such as shashlik): 5,000-8,000 MNT (2-3 EUR / 3-4 USD)

5. Pizza: 15,000-20,000 MNT (5-7 EUR / 6-8 USD)

6. Hamburger with fries: 10,000-15,000 MNT (3-5 EUR / 4-6 USD)

7. Sushi rolls: 15,000-20,000 MNT (5-7 EUR / 6-8 USD)

8. Salad: 8,000-12,000 MNT (2-4 EUR / 3-5 USD)

9. Sandwich: 5,000-8,000 MNT (2-3 EUR / 3-4 USD)

10. Soft drink: 2,000-4,000 MNT (1-2 EUR / 2-3 USD)

Please note that these prices are approximate and can vary depending on the location and type of restaurant. Additionally, prices may be higher in tourist areas or upscale establishments. It’s always a good idea to check the menu or ask the staff for the prices before ordering.

Grocery shopping

Here is a list of basic food products and their prices in Mongolia:

1. Rice: 1 kg – 3,500 MNT (1.20 EUR / 1.40 USD)

2. Flour: 1 kg – 1,500 MNT (0.50 EUR / 0.60 USD)

3. Bread: 1 loaf – 1,000 MNT (0.35 EUR / 0.40 USD)

4. Milk: 1 liter – 1,500 MNT (0.50 EUR / 0.60 USD)

5. Eggs: 10 pieces – 2,500 MNT (0.85 EUR / 1.00 USD)

6. Chicken: 1 kg – 8,000 MNT (2.70 EUR / 3.20 USD)

7. Beef: 1 kg – 12,000 MNT (4.10 EUR / 4.80 USD)

8. Potatoes: 1 kg – 500 MNT (0.17 EUR / 0.20 USD)

9. Onions: 1 kg – 800 MNT (0.27 EUR / 0.32 USD)

10. Carrots: 1 kg – 1,000 MNT (0.35 EUR / 0.40 USD)

Please note that these prices are approximate and may vary depending on the location and the specific store. It’s also important to consider that the exchange rates may fluctuate, so the euro and US dollar values provided are just estimates.

In Mongolia, the cost of living is relatively low compared to many other countries. However, it’s worth mentioning that prices can be higher in urban areas and lower in rural regions. Additionally, imported products may be more expensive than locally produced ones.

Overall, the prices of basic food products in Mongolia are affordable, making it possible for people to meet their daily needs without significant financial strain.

Cafes and bars

Here is a list of average prices for beverages served in bars and cafes in Mongolia:

1. Coffee (regular): 3,000 MNT (1.05 EUR, 1.25 USD)

2. Tea (regular): 2,000 MNT (0.70 EUR, 0.85 USD)

3. Soft drinks (Coca-Cola, Pepsi, etc.): 2,500 MNT (0.90 EUR, 1.05 USD)

4. Bottled water (500ml): 1,500 MNT (0.50 EUR, 0.60 USD)

5. Fresh fruit juice: 3,500 MNT (1.20 EUR, 1.40 USD)

6. Smoothies: 4,000 MNT (1.40 EUR, 1.65 USD)

7. Local beer (0.5L): 3,000 MNT (1.05 EUR, 1.25 USD)

8. Imported beer (0.33L): 4,500 MNT (1.55 EUR, 1.85 USD)

9. Cocktails: 8,000 MNT (2.80 EUR, 3.30 USD)

10. Wine (glass): 6,000 MNT (2.10 EUR, 2.50 USD)

Please note that these prices are approximate and may vary depending on the location and establishment. It’s always a good idea to check the menu or ask the staff for the current prices. Mongolia uses the Mongolian Tugrik (MNT) as its local currency.

Accomodation

Flat rental in Mongolia

The approximate costs of renting apartments in Mongolia are as follows:

1. Studio apartment in the city center: 500,000-1,000,000 MNT per month (170-340 EUR, 200-400 USD)

2. One-bedroom apartment in the city center: 800,000-1,500,000 MNT per month (270-510 EUR, 320-600 USD)

3. Two-bedroom apartment in the city center: 1,200,000-2,500,000 MNT per month (410-850 EUR, 480-1,000 USD)

4. Studio apartment outside the city center: 300,000-700,000 MNT per month (100-240 EUR, 120-280 USD)

5. One-bedroom apartment outside the city center: 500,000-1,000,000 MNT per month (170-340 EUR, 200-400 USD)

6. Two-bedroom apartment outside the city center: 800,000-1,500,000 MNT per month (270-510 EUR, 320-600 USD)

Please note that these prices are approximate and can vary depending on the location, size, and condition of the apartment. Additionally, utilities such as electricity, water, and internet may not be included in the rent and should be considered as additional expenses.

It’s important to keep in mind that the cost of living in Mongolia may be lower compared to some other countries, but salaries and income levels are also generally lower. Therefore, it’s advisable to consider your budget and financial situation before renting an apartment in Mongolia.

Buy a house or apartament in Mongolia

– Średnia cena zakupu domu w Mongolii wynosi około 300 000 000 MNT (ok. 85 000 EUR, ok. 100 000 USD).

– Ceny domów w stolicy, Ułan Bator, są zazwyczaj wyższe niż w innych regionach kraju. Tam średnia cena zakupu domu może wynosić około 400 000 000 MNT (ok. 113 000 EUR, ok. 133 000 USD).

– Mieszkania w Mongolii są zazwyczaj tańsze niż domy. Średnia cena zakupu mieszkania wynosi około 150 000 000 MNT (ok. 42 000 EUR, ok. 50 000 USD).

– W Ułan Batorze ceny mieszkań mogą być wyższe i wynosić około 200 000 000 MNT (ok. 56 000 EUR, ok. 66 000 USD).

– Ceny nieruchomości mogą się różnić w zależności od lokalizacji, rozmiaru, stanu technicznego i innych czynników.

– Warto również wziąć pod uwagę koszty dodatkowe, takie jak podatki, opłaty notarialne i prowizje pośredników.

– Ceny nieruchomości w Mongolii mogą być podatne na wahania rynkowe, dlatego warto śledzić trendy i konsultować się z lokalnymi ekspertami przed podjęciem decyzji zakupu.

Transport in Mongolia

Public transport

In Mongolia, the prices for different forms of public transportation vary. Here is a list of the approximate prices in the local currency, Mongolian Tugrik (MNT), along with their approximate values in euros (EUR) and US dollars (USD):

1. Bus: The price for a single bus ride in Ulaanbaatar, the capital city, is around 500 MNT (0.15 EUR / 0.18 USD).

2. Minibus: Minibuses, also known as “micros,” are a popular mode of transportation in Ulaanbaatar. The fare for a single ride is approximately 500 MNT (0.15 EUR / 0.18 USD).

3. Trolleybus: Ulaanbaatar has a trolleybus system, and the fare for a single ride is about 500 MNT (0.15 EUR / 0.18 USD).

4. Marshrutka: Marshrutkas are shared vans that operate in Ulaanbaatar and other cities. The fare for a single ride is around 500 MNT (0.15 EUR / 0.18 USD).

5. Taxi: Taxis are available in Mongolia, and the starting fare is typically around 1,500 MNT (0.45 EUR / 0.54 USD), with additional charges per kilometer.

6. Metro: Ulaanbaatar is currently constructing its first metro line, which is expected to be operational in the near future. The exact fare for the metro has not been announced yet.

Please note that these prices are approximate and may vary depending on the specific location and distance traveled. It is always advisable to check with local authorities or transportation providers for the most up-to-date information on fares.

Fuel prices

Here is an example of fuel prices in Mongolia:

1. Gasoline (95 octane): 2,000 MNT per liter (0.56 EUR or 0.66 USD)

2. Diesel: 2,100 MNT per liter (0.59 EUR or 0.69 USD)

3. LPG (liquefied petroleum gas): 1,500 MNT per liter (0.42 EUR or 0.50 USD)

Please note that these prices are approximate and may vary depending on the location and current market conditions. It’s always a good idea to check the latest prices before refueling.

Mongolia is known for its vast landscapes and nomadic culture, and fuel prices play a crucial role in transportation and logistics. The prices mentioned above are relatively affordable compared to many other countries. However, it’s important to consider the purchasing power and average income in Mongolia, which may affect the affordability for the local population.

Fuel prices in Mongolia are influenced by various factors, including global oil prices, transportation costs, taxes, and government regulations. The Mongolian government has implemented measures to stabilize fuel prices and ensure a steady supply for the population.

In conclusion, fuel prices in Mongolia are relatively affordable, with gasoline, diesel, and LPG being the most commonly used fuels. These prices are subject to change, so it’s advisable to check the latest prices before planning any long journeys or budgeting for fuel expenses.

Vehicles rental

Here are some examples of rental prices for vehicles in Mongolia:

1. Car rental:

– Economy car: 50,000-70,000 MNT per day (17-24 EUR / 20-28 USD)

– SUV: 80,000-120,000 MNT per day (27-41 EUR / 32-48 USD)

– 4×4 off-road vehicle: 150,000-200,000 MNT per day (51-68 EUR / 60-80 USD)

2. Motorcycle rental:

– Scooter: 30,000-50,000 MNT per day (10-17 EUR / 12-20 USD)

– Enduro motorcycle: 80,000-120,000 MNT per day (27-41 EUR / 32-48 USD)

– Adventure motorcycle: 150,000-200,000 MNT per day (51-68 EUR / 60-80 USD)

Please note that these prices are approximate and may vary depending on the rental company, location, and season. It’s always recommended to check with different rental providers to compare prices and find the best deal. Additionally, some companies may require a security deposit or additional fees for insurance coverage.

Mongolia uses the Mongolian Tugrik (MNT) as its local currency. The exchange rate may fluctuate, so it’s advisable to check the current rates before making any conversions.

Entertainment prices in Mongolia

Here is a list of different forms of entertainment in Mongolia, along with their approximate prices in the local currency (Mongolian Tugrik), euros, and US dollars:

1. Cinema ticket: 10,000 MNT (3.50 EUR, 4 USD)

2. Concert ticket: 20,000-50,000 MNT (7-18 EUR, 8-20 USD)

3. Theatre ticket: 15,000-30,000 MNT (5-11 EUR, 6-13 USD)

4. Museum entrance fee: 5,000-10,000 MNT (2-4 EUR, 2-5 USD)

5. Karaoke room rental: 10,000-20,000 MNT per hour (3.50-7 EUR, 4-8 USD)

6. Bowling: 10,000-15,000 MNT per game (3.50-5 EUR, 4-6 USD)

7. Ice skating: 5,000-10,000 MNT per session (2-4 EUR, 2-5 USD)

8. Horseback riding: 20,000-50,000 MNT per hour (7-18 EUR, 8-20 USD)

9. Hot air balloon ride: 100,000-200,000 MNT per person (35-70 EUR, 40-80 USD)

10. Spa and wellness center: 30,000-100,000 MNT per treatment (11-35 EUR, 13-40 USD)

Please note that these prices are approximate and may vary depending on the specific location, time of year, and any additional services or packages offered. It’s always a good idea to check with the specific establishment for the most up-to-date prices.

In Mongolia, there is a wide range of entertainment options available at various price points. From enjoying a movie or concert to exploring museums and theaters, there are plenty of cultural and artistic experiences to choose from. For those seeking more active forms of entertainment, activities like horseback riding, bowling, and ice skating are popular choices. For a unique and memorable experience, hot air balloon rides offer breathtaking views of the Mongolian landscape. Additionally, spa and wellness centers provide relaxation and rejuvenation opportunities. Whether you’re a local or a visitor, Mongolia offers a diverse range of entertainment options to suit different interests and budgets.

Basic services in Mongolia

Here is a list of basic services and their approximate prices in Mongolia:

1. Cinema ticket: 10,000-15,000 MNT ($3.50-$5.30) – Prices may vary depending on the movie and theater.

2. Haircut (men): 5,000-10,000 MNT ($1.80-$3.50) – Prices may vary depending on the salon and stylist.

3. Haircut (women): 10,000-20,000 MNT ($3.50-$7) – Prices may vary depending on the salon and stylist.

4. Beauty salon services (e.g., manicure, pedicure): 10,000-30,000 MNT ($3.50-$10.50) – Prices may vary depending on the salon and specific service.

5. Massage (1 hour): 30,000-50,000 MNT ($10.50-$17.50) – Prices may vary depending on the type of massage and the spa or salon.

6. Car mechanic services (e.g., oil change, tire rotation): 20,000-50,000 MNT ($7-$17.50) – Prices may vary depending on the type of service and the mechanic.

Please note that these prices are approximate and can vary depending on the location, quality of service, and other factors. It’s always a good idea to check with specific businesses for their current prices.

Healthcare

Here is a list of prices for private healthcare services in Mongolia:

1. Visit to a specialist doctor: The cost of a consultation with a specialist doctor in Mongolia can range from 30,000 to 100,000 Mongolian Tugrik (MNT) (approximately 10 to 35 euros or 12 to 40 US dollars).

2. Visit to a dentist: The price for a dental check-up in Mongolia can vary depending on the type of treatment needed. A routine dental examination can cost around 20,000 to 50,000 MNT (approximately 7 to 18 euros or 8 to 20 US dollars).

3. Eye examination by an ophthalmologist: The cost of an eye examination by an ophthalmologist in Mongolia can range from 30,000 to 70,000 MNT (approximately 10 to 25 euros or 12 to 30 US dollars).

4. Prescription glasses: The price of prescription glasses in Mongolia can vary depending on the type of frames and lenses chosen. On average, a pair of prescription glasses can cost around 100,000 to 300,000 MNT (approximately 35 to 105 euros or 40 to 120 US dollars).

5. Dental filling: The cost of a dental filling in Mongolia can range from 50,000 to 150,000 MNT (approximately 18 to 52 euros or 20 to 60 US dollars), depending on the size and type of filling material used.

6. Dental cleaning: The price for a dental cleaning session in Mongolia can vary from 30,000 to 80,000 MNT (approximately 10 to 28 euros or 12 to 32 US dollars).

It is important to note that these prices are approximate and can vary depending on the specific clinic or healthcare provider. Additionally, prices for more complex procedures or surgeries may be higher.

Vacations and trips

Here is a list of prices related to vacations and trips in Mongolia:

1. Accommodation:

– Budget guesthouses: 20,000-30,000 MNT per night (€5-€8 / $6-$9)

– Mid-range hotels: 50,000-100,000 MNT per night (€13-€26 / $15-$30)

– Luxury hotels: 150,000-300,000 MNT per night (€39-€78 / $45-$90)

2. Transportation:

– Local buses: 500-1,000 MNT per ride (€0.13-€0.26 / $0.15-$0.30)

– Shared taxis: 1,000-2,000 MNT per ride (€0.26-€0.52 / $0.30-$0.60)

– Car rental: 50,000-100,000 MNT per day (€13-€26 / $15-$30)

3. Food and drinks:

– Local restaurants: 5,000-10,000 MNT per meal (€1.30-€2.60 / $1.50-$3)

– Street food: 2,000-5,000 MNT per snack (€0.52-€1.30 / $0.60-$1.50)

– Bottled water: 500 MNT per bottle (€0.13 / $0.15)

– Local beer: 2,000-3,000 MNT per bottle (€0.52-€0.78 / $0.60-$0.90)

4. Activities and attractions:

– Entrance fees to national parks: 10,000-20,000 MNT (€2.60-€5.20 / $3-$6)

– Horseback riding tours: 50,000-100,000 MNT per day (€13-€26 / $15-$30)

– Camel riding tours: 30,000-50,000 MNT per day (€8-€13 / $9-$15)

– Gobi Desert tours: 300,000-500,000 MNT for a multi-day tour (€78-€130 / $90-$150)

Please note that these prices are approximate and can vary depending on the location, season, and level of service. It’s always a good idea to check with local tour operators or accommodation providers for the most up-to-date prices.

Clothes and accessories

The average prices of clothing and accessories in Mongolia are as follows:

1. T-shirts: 20,000-30,000 MNT ($7-10)

2. Shirts: 40,000-60,000 MNT ($14-21)

3. Jeans: 60,000-80,000 MNT ($21-28)

4. Dresses: 80,000-100,000 MNT ($28-35)

5. Sweaters: 60,000-80,000 MNT ($21-28)

6. Jackets: 100,000-150,000 MNT ($35-52)

7. Shoes: 80,000-120,000 MNT ($28-42)

8. Bags: 50,000-80,000 MNT ($17-28)

9. Hats: 20,000-30,000 MNT ($7-10)

10. Scarves: 20,000-40,000 MNT ($7-14)

Please note that these prices are approximate and may vary depending on the brand, quality, and location of the store. It is always recommended to check the current prices at specific stores or markets in Mongolia for the most accurate information.

Mongolia uses the Mongolian Tugrik (MNT) as its local currency. The approximate values in euros and US dollars are provided for reference purposes.